Category: A yeast infection is caused by quizlet

Your urinary system — which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — is responsible for removing waste from your body through urine. Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time.

A urinary tract infection UTI is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men. Infection limited to your bladder can be painful and annoying.

However, serious consequences can occur if a UTI spreads to your kidneys.

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Doctors typically treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics. But you can take steps to reduce your chances of getting a UTI in the first place. Urinary tract infection care at Mayo Clinic. Urinary tract infections don't always cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they may include:. Each type of UTI may result in more-specific signs and symptoms, depending on which part of your urinary tract is infected.

Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to keep out such microscopic invaders, these defenses sometimes fail. When that happens, bacteria may take hold and grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract.

Infection of the bladder cystitis. However, sometimes other bacteria are responsible. Sexual intercourse may lead to cystitis, but you don't have to be sexually active to develop it.

All women are at risk of cystitis because of their anatomy — specifically, the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder. Urinary tract infections are common in women, and many women experience more than one infection during their lifetimes.

a yeast infection is caused by quizlet

Risk factors specific to women for UTIs include:. When treated promptly and properly, lower urinary tract infections rarely lead to complications.

a yeast infection is caused by quizlet

But left untreated, a urinary tract infection can have serious consequences.Please understand that our phone lines must be clear for people with urgent and acute medical care needs. Unfortunately, this means we are unable to accept phone calls to schedule COVID vaccinations at this time. When this changes, we will update this web site. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. The chart below shows the most common symptoms of a yeast infection.

But yours may be slightly different. The symptoms of a yeast infection may look like other skin conditions. Your healthcare provider will consider your age, overall health, how widespread the infection is and other factors to determine your treatment.

Phone Service Update. Health Home Conditions and Diseases. Yeast is a fungus normally found on your skin. When too much yeast grows on your skin or other areas, it can cause an infection.

This infection is also called candidiasis. What causes a yeast infection? A yeast infection can happen if your skin gets damaged. An infection can also happen if you have a weak immune system. Taking antibiotics can also cause an overgrowth of yeast. What are the risk factors for yeast infection? Anyone can get a yeast infection. Those at higher risk for it include: Infants People who wear dentures People taking antibiotics People getting cancer treatment People with other health conditions, such as HIV or diabetes What are the symptoms of a yeast infection?

Rash with redness and skin breakdown Patches that ooze clear fluid Pimples Itching or burning.

9 Yeast Infection Facts Every Woman Should Know - Health

White or yellow discharge from the vagina Itching Redness in the external area of the vagina Burning. Redness on the underside of the penis Scaling on the underside of the penis Painful rash on the underside of the penis. Corners of the mouth angular cheilitis. Swelling Pain Pus White or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed.We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission.

a yeast infection is caused by quizlet

Taking antibiotics can lead to a yeast infection in the vagina, also known as a fungal infection or vaginal candidiasis. A yeast infection is a form of vaginitiswhich means inflammation in the vagina. Vaginitis is common, affecting one-third of females at some point in their lives.

Yeast Infection

Vaginal candidiasiscaused by Candida fungus, is the second most common type of vaginal infection in the United States, after bacterial infections. This article looks at how taking antibiotics can lead to yeast infections. It also describes which antibiotics can cause these infections and how to treat them.

A yeast infection occurs when something upsets the delicate balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina. A small amount of Candida fungus is usually present in the vagina, and beneficial bacteria help keep this fungus in check.

Antibiotics work by killing bacteria that cause infection, but they can also kill beneficial bacteria in other parts of the body, including the vagina.

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Without enough beneficial bacteria to keep the yeast at bay, Candida yeast can multiply, causing the symptoms of a yeast infection. Some people are more prone to yeast infections than others. They can develop at any age, but these infections are more common during reproductive years. The common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection tend to be more noticeable just before a menstrual period.

A person may experience:. These symptoms are mild in most cases. In severe infections, redness, swelling, or cracks form in the walls of the vagina. It can be difficult to distinguish between a yeast infection and a urinary tract infection UTI. Learn to tell the difference here. Not all antibiotics are likely to cause yeast infections — only broad spectrum antibiotics tend to have this effect.

These drugs can kill several different types of bacteria.

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The following three types of broad spectrum antibiotic, in particular, may increase the risk of a yeast infection:. Doctors prescribe tetracyclines for acneUTIs, intestinal tract infections, eye infections, sexually transmitted infectionsand gum disease.

Doctors prescribe quinolones for difficult-to-treat UTIs, hospital-acquired pneumoniaand bacterial prostatitis. Common examples include:. Broad spectrum penicillins, such as ampicillin and amoxicillin, may also lead to yeast infections. It is usually straightforward to treat a yeast infection. In most cases, the person will either apply a cream or ointment to the inside of the vagina or take a pill containing fluconazole.

A doctor can prescribe antifungal creams or tablets. People can also find over-the-counter antifungal vaginal creams at drugstores, or choose between brands online. Pregnant women should avoid treating yeast infections with fluconazole, due to the risk of birth abnormalities. Research has not indicated that a single mg dose of fluconazole can cause this effect, but taking it for longer periods or at a higher dosage carries this risk.

Some infections require stronger treatment, including infections that keep coming back. In this case, a doctor may recommend additional doses of fluconazole or creams that contain boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC recommend that anyone who suspects that they have vaginal candidiasis speak to a healthcare professional.

This is because the symptoms are similar to those of other vaginal infections, which require different treatment. A healthcare provider can ensure that a person gets the right medication for the infection.Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by a yeast a type of fungus called Candida. Some species of Candida can cause infection in people; the most common is Candida albicans.

Candida normally lives on the skin and inside the body, in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing any problems. Candida can cause infections if it grows out of control or if it enters deep into the body for example, the bloodstream or internal organs like the kidney, heart, or brain.

Learn more about how Candida develops antifungal resistance and causes illness. It can cause severe infections and spreads easily in healthcare facilities. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Fungal Diseases. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Minus Related Pages.

Candidiasis

Vaginal candidiasis. Invasive candidiasis. Infections of the mouth, throat, and esophagus. Global Emergence of Candida auris.

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Learn more about C. Enter your email to get updates on C. What's this? Related Links. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.

You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. Cancel Continue.A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva — the tissues at the vaginal opening.

Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Many women experience at least two episodes. A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection. But, there's an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity. There's also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact oral-genital sex.

Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan. Your vagina naturally contains a balanced mix of yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Certain bacteria lactobacillus act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. But that balance can be disrupted.

An overgrowth of candida or penetration of the fungus into deeper vaginal cell layers causes the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection. Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus to cause yeast infections.

Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies. To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva — the tissues at the vaginal opening.

Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references AskMayoExpert. Rochester, Minn. Ferri FF. Vaginitis, fungal. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor Philadelphia, Pa.

Accessed Aug. Lobo RA, et al. Genital tract infections: Vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, endometritis, and salpingitis. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. Cohen J, et al. Vaginitis, vulvitis, cervicitis, and cutaneous vulval lesions.

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a yeast infection is caused by quizlet

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Can you get a yeast infection from antibiotics?

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